Reviewer: Bill Bennett
Magazine: Your Computer
Date: October 1982
The Colour Genie bears a passing resemblance to the Commodore Vic-20. It is a little larger, and a fair bit heavier. It has a two-tone brown plastic case, moulded in two halves, and a column of function keys down the right-hand side of the keyboard.
The main alphanumeric keyboard is of typewriter quality and is laid out in the time honoured QWERTY fashion, with the numerics in a row above the alphabet keys.
The alphabet keys have pairs of graphics characters printed on their fronts. These are accessible via the keyboard and include lines, squiggles and crosses, as well as six dice-face characters and the symbols of the four playing-card suits.
The break keys, labelled RST, are at the two extremes of the numeric row and must be operated as a pair. The first eight numeric keys can be used to change the low-resolution colour by hitting Control followed by the desired colour key.
The Control key can access colours and graphic characters. The Mod SEL key on the bottom row can change the display into the high-resolution mode, when used in conjunction with the Control key.
There are several ports around the side and rear of the Genie. The first port on the right-hand side is the parallel port. This is normally used to connect the Genie to a fast printer; however it could be used to interface with a floppy-disc unit. There is a DIN-plug socket for a light-pen, and another DIN-plug socket next to this for the serial port. It could not look much less like an RS-232 socket, and the way in which it works is not revealed by the pre-release manual.
The cassette input/output port is on the rear of the Genie, next to a cartridge port similar to the cartridge ports on the Dragon-32 and Vic-20. Whether or not there are any cartridges to fit it is another matter. Further along the back are two sockets: one audio and one a video-monitor socket.
The Genie costs £199.53 including VAT, thus placing itself in the most competitive sector of the home-computer market. Its real keyboard will attract the kind of user who would never buy a ZX Spectrum, and the machine is undoubtedly more powerful than the Vic-20. There are a number of other machines under £200 including the Dragon-32, the Atari and the Texas 99/4.
The Atari, with its touch-sensitive keyboard, will appeal to a totally different type of user, and so cannot be considered as a rival. The Texas has only a small memory and so would appeal to yet a different kind of user, which leaves us ironically with the Dragon. Ironic because the Dragon uses an almost identical version of Basic, and has some similar short-comings in its colour.
The Dragon, moreover, has more memory and better graphics, but the Genie beats the Dragon hands-down as far as its sound generation facilities are concerned.
If you are a budding artist or animator the Dragon will be for you; however if you think that sounding like Depeche Mode or Kraft-werk is your idea of fun then it has to be the Genie.
The Genie’s processor is the ubiquitous Z-80, running at a heady 2.2MHz. This makes it relatively fast, especially when compared to other Z-80-based micros that have colour. It would appear that the colour chips are the same as the Dragon and the Tandy Colour computer, but that is not definite.
The Colour Genie features an extended version of the Basic language. It is a very powerful implementation. Although there is only 16K of ROM, all the usual Basic commands are included as well as a number of extra commands which handle the graphics and sound capabilities of the Genie. There are also a number of extra editing commands - not really part of Basic - which make the programmer’s life easier.
However, there are inconsistencies contained within the Interpreter. For example; in the low-resolution mode, the command for defining the colour of a character to be printed is Colour, the English spelling. This is interesting because in the high-resolution mode, the command to set the colour at a point is Fcolor. On the whole, the Basic reminded me of Tandy Level II; hardly surprising, since the original Video Genie uses that dialect. The differences between the two languages are mainly in the extra graphics and sound commands. Tandy commands Set, Reset and Point are not included, since their function is made redundant by the high-resolution commands.
Although a user can enter any software written in the Tandy Basic, and run it, it is not possible to load Tandy cassettes. This is because signals are stored differently on the different machines.
The command to load a program from cassette is CLoad, or to load a specific program CLoad "program name". Twin stars then appear in the top right-hand corner of the screen. One of the stars remains constant, the other flashes. These flashes indicate that the computer has read in a particular character - most likely carriage return. If the twin star on the right does not flicker, then the cassette is not being read, and you know you have to start again.
The Edit facility is certainly useful, though difficult to use at first. The real advantage comes when debugging.
The Auto command means that the programmer does not have to keep entering line numbers. Programmers used to more expensive machines with Microsoft Basic will love the Genie.
Commands available on the Genie which may be unfamiliar are: Char, which enables a special user-defined character set; Verify, which compares a program on tape with that in memory; System, which takes the user into the monitor program; Tron and Troff, a trace facility which prints out line numbers as lines are executed.
DefDBL defines as double-precision all variables beginning with a certain letter; similar commands define integer variables, single-precision, strings and arrays. Two useful features include Error which simulates an error and On Error Goto, which means the program does not necessarily crash if something is amiss. A number of unfamiliar functions, mainly dealing with double-precision variables, are also available.
A special command is included to cope with a joystick. It returns a number giving a coordinate of its position. Maybe the most interesting command included in the Genie is Sound. I say maybe, because the pre-production documentation only hints that "the Sound command tells the music generator what combination of notes to play".
The music generated by the Genie is reasonably good; more to the point, the software makes it easy to use. The Play command is followed by four parameters, channel, octave, note and amplitude. My only criticism is that the user cannot specify the duration.